Crude Oil

Only a specific percentage of petrol, diesel, kerosene, bitumen etc. can be produced from one ton of crude oil.

Overview of the top-selling Types of Fuel available from approx. 14000 German Petrol Stations

Diesel:
Diesel fuel is currently being sold as “Diesel” from German petrol stations. Some petrol stations use additives such as FuelSave. This type of diesel fuel can be used for any type of diesel engine. Compared to a petroleum tax of € 0.65 per litre of petrol, the petroleum tax per litre of diesel is only € 0.47. Diesel is subsidised to the amount of € 0.18 per litre.

V-Power Diesel or Ultimate Diesel:
Some oil companies sell special types of diesel under these names. These fuels are said to ignite faster, to combust more “cleanly”, to increase performance and to provide an advantage in fuel consumption.

Biodiesel in Petrofuels:
The designations B5, B7, B10 and B20 reflect the percentage of biodiesel added to petrodiesel. The diesel fuel available from German petrol stations currently contains up to 7% biodiesel. The Biofuel Quota Act (BioKraftQuG) regulates the blending quota. Biodiesel is produced from various vegetable oils, used cooking oils and fats, animal fats, herbal fatty acids and other herbal substances. The biodiesel found in diesel blends is subject to the full petroleum tax.

B100 Biodiesel:
100% biodiesel is referred to as B100. B100 biodiesel may only be used with motor vehicles approved by the manufacturer. B100 is subject to a € 0.18 petroleum tax per litre. The introduction of this tax led to a significant decrease in sales of B100 biodiesel since it is no longer cheaper than petrodiesel.

BTL (Biomass to Liquid) ??

Petrol:
Regular petrol (91 octane) is slowly disappearing from the fuel market.

Super Petrol:
Most petrol engines use Super petrol (95 octane). Today, Super petrol is already blended with up to 5% of ethanol. Therefore, as with diesel designations, Super petrol should be referred to as E5.

V-Power 95:
Regular Super petrol (95 octane) with special additives.

“Superplus” Petrol:
Regular Super petrol (98 octane) with special additives. Suited for high performance engines and vintage and classic cars.
V-Power Racing and Ultimate regular Super petrol (100 or 102 octane) with special additives and even higher knock resistance. Only for high performance engines.

Super E10:
No other fuel causes as much confusion as E10. E10 consists of 10 percent ethanol and 90 percent petrol with 95 octane. Ethanol is produced from starchy plants, such as corn, wheat, sugar cane and sugar beets. Wherever E10 is sold you will also find Super petrol with up to 5% of ethanol.

E85:
E85 consists of 85% ethanol and 15% petrol. This fuel may be used only with specially approved motor vehicles. There is almost no market for E85 in Germany. In countries such as Brasil, Sweden and the USA, where various types of engines are being offered as standard, this alternative fuel has already become a part of everyday life.

E100:
This fuel consists of 100 percent ethanol, but does not lead to engine failure. However, this petrol is of no significance in Germany. In Brasil tough, no one will be surprised to find “E100” at gas stations.