Alternative Kraftstoffe

In 1900, a peanut oil-powered diesel engine was introduced by request of the French government at the Paris International Exhibition. Due to the high cost of the materials, this idea was not pursued any further, but even Rudolf Diesel would later experiment with vegetable oils as fuel for engines and express a positive opinion.

At first, the Federal Control of Polution Act (BImSchG) required the oil industry to sell a minimum percentage of biofuels in proportion with the respective energy content. The share of biodiesel in fossil diesel was up to seven percent. 

With the decarbonisation strategy this minimum percentage was replaced by a green house gas reduction target. The aim of decarbonisation is to reduce or compensate CO2 emissions made by economy. It is a main pillar of energy transition and written down in the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals by defending climate change and create access to renewable energy for everyone.

Since 2015, in Germany the emission savings from fuel usage must be at least 3,5 percent, which is ensured by biofuel blendings. This share was raised up to 4 percent in 2017 and from 2020 on up to 6 percent emission savings compared to 2010. Biofuels are only classified as sustainable, if they emit a maximum of 50 percent CO2 compared to fossil fuel. From 2018 on this ratio is 60 percent.